Despite Indonesia is only 1.3% of the Earth’s land, but Indonesia is one country with the world’s most important biodiversity. Indonesia has a high proportion of species, of which 17% of birds,12% of mammals, 16% of reptiles and amphibians, 25% of fish and 33% of insects of all species on earth, there are in Indonesia.
The high diversity of the species, is directly proportional to the threat to its sustainability. Wildlife crimes, including poaching and illegal wildlife trade, has caused the state losses of 13 trillion Rupiah annually. This case is under cases of drug crime and human trafficking.